It is also known as Betula lutea. Yellow birch is named for its characteristic shiny-golden, peeling bark. [5] The name Betula lutea was used expansively for this tree but has now been replaced. The bark of older yellow birches is a golden yellow and tends to shred rather than peel in large blocks. Prefers cool, moist areas, such as mountain ravines; Distribution includes Manitoba, Newfoundland, extreme Northeastern United States, and the Northern Midwestern States [10] Broad-winged hawks show a preference for nesting in yellow birch in New York. [6][22] It does not grow well in dry regions or regions with hot summers and will often last only 30-50 years in such conditions. Tea can also be made from the twigs and inner bark. The black birch is arguably among the top desirable firewood choices of all wood types. Yellow Birch. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. [7], B. alleghaniensis prefers to grow in cooler conditions and is often found on north facing slopes, swamps, stream banks, and rich woods. They often appear in pairs, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like, two-leaved, lateral branchlets. Shows some resistance to the bronze birch borer.Tolerant of black walnut toxicity. Yellow birch’s shiny, straw-yellow or bronze-colored bark peels horizontally into paper-thin curls and makes this tree easy to identify during any season. The wood varies in color from reddish brown to creamy white and accepts stain and can be worked to a high polish. C-Value: 10This species is native to more northern climates (the Chicago region is in the southern edge of this tree's range in the Midwest).It is often found in moist sites and on cool slopes. Birch Bark, Yellow Birch bark with a touch of green on five golden pieces Statcommander. From shop Statcommander. It is the largest species of birch in North America. Yellow Birch. It is a medium-sized, typically single stemmed, deciduous tree reaching 60–80 feet (18–24 m) tall (exceptionally to 100 ft (30 m))[2][6] with a trunk typically 2–3 ft (0.61–0.91 m) in diameter, making it the largest North American species of birch. [6][3] The Ojibwe make a compound decoction from the inner bark and take it as a diuretic. [8], Yellow birch has been used medicinally by Native Americans as a blood purifier and for other uses. The wood of Betula alleghaniensis is extensively used for flooring, cabinetry and toothpicks. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. The following menu has 3 levels. When the sap is boiled down, the wintergreen evaporates and leaves a syrup not unlike maple syrup. Fluffy peeling, soft, abstract closeup of a yellow birch tree bark. Scratch and then sniff a black or yellow birch twig, and the pleasant aroma will likely put a smile on your face. Trees in the northeast, which typically grow in cool ravines but are common throughout woodlands, can reach prodigious sizes. The yellow birch, or swamp birch, is identified by its silver-yellow smooth bark. Have tree and plant questions? This bark is a luminescent gold tone with fringed edges that creates an abundance of texture and depth. The Yellow Birch tree is the most frequently used birch for lumber. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. [30] They use the bark of var. [3][4][17], Several varieties have been named,[18] but are not recognized as distinct by modern authors:[19][20][6], Its native range extends from Newfoundland to Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, southern Quebec and Ontario, and the southeast corner of Manitoba in Canada, west to Minnesota, and south in the Appalachian Mountains to northern Georgia. The thin, water-impervious bark provided roofing, canoes, and shoes for North American Indians and early settlers. The cellulose from rotting birch logs was collected by Native Americans and used as a quick fire starter. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. The Yellow Birch tree is a stunning sight to see! In addition, its bark is a shiny yellow to gray-silver that turns into reddish brown as it ages. Among the largest of birches, yellow birch grows to 30 m (100 feet) on cool, moist bottomlands and on drier soils to elevations of 1,950 m. On limbs and young trunks the silvery yellow bark peels in paper-thin curls; on old trunks it is red-brown, deeply grooved, and broken into irregular plates. This species shows some resistance to bronze birch borer. The yellow birch is … Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. This can lead to odd situations such as yellow birches with their roots growing around a tree stump, which when it eventually rots away leaves the birch standing atop stilt-like roots. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be undemanding, like loamy soils. The Yellow Birch is botanically called Betula alleghaniensis . Before leaves appear i… Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. It is easily recognized by the yellowish-bronze exfoliating bark for … The Yellow Birch is a stately large tree with dramatic coloring. Situated in a wide range across the northern U.S. and Canada, yellow birch grows best in rich, moist woodlands by rivers and streams. The lower layer of the bark contains a compound that tastes and smells like wintergreen or root beer. The standard office door in the US is a veneer of yellow birch (ca. [10], Sugar maple (Acer saccharum) exerts allelopathic effects on seedlings of yellow birch and decreases their growth ability. The bark is reddish brown to bronze and marked with long, horizontal lenticels. Leaf spots and cankers can occur.Birch leaf miners and birch skeletonizer are insects that can attack this tree. Betula alleghaniensis, the yellow birch or golden birch, is a large and important lumber species of birch native to North-eastern North America. [7][12] It grows in USDA zones 3-7. Use enter to activate. Birch species are generally small to medium-sized trees or shrubs, mostly of northern temperate and boreal climates. Betula alleghaniensis, the yellow birch,[2] golden birch,[3] or swamp birch,[4] is a large and important lumber species of birch native to North-eastern North America. Grows well over a range of soil pH from acid to alkaline.Performs best in areas where summers are cool. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to max. The tree is fairly deep-rooted and sends out several long lateral roots. Birch oil and birch beer made from sap are obtained from the trees. There are over a dozen species of birch trees native to North America, but the most common are white birch, yellow birch, and black birch. The cousin of our most-identifiable tree, the white or “paper” birch (Betula papyrifera), yellow birch has many of the same attributes: bark with little horizontal “dashes,” peeling horizontally. In southern Pennsylvania, it is rare and generally only found along bodies of water in cool, mature woods, and it only occurs at high elevations from Maryland southward. Birch is a native hardwood that comes from the genus Betula. Fall color is yellow. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. [8] Ruffed grouse and various songbirds feed on the seeds and buds. Yellow birch, an Illinois native, has a silvery bronze bark that peels into small strips. If the bark of yellow birch twigs is scraped, it … [21] While its range extends as far south as Georgia, it is most abundant in the northern part of its range. The tree forms small yellow blossoms in spring which become attractive catkins. Paper Birch will also shred in thin strips like the Yellow Birch but is bright white. Notes: The name “yellow birch” reflects the color of the tree’s bark. Scenic landscape with lake and fall colors at morning light. [25], It is listed as endangered in Illinois. Yellow birch has diffuse-porous heartwood that is golden-brown to light reddish-brown in colour. If I said 30 million, I’d be confident of reasonable accuracy. Seedlings of the two species can be very hard to tell apart. Shiny yellow or silver-grey bark with narrow horizontal lines, peeling into curly strips; Bark highly varied from tree to tree ; Distribution & Uses. Due to the thin bark and lack of ability to resprout, it is easily killed by wildfire. On older trunks, the smooth bark of the younger tree begins to break open and curl back, with the bark peeling in thin horizontal strips. [22], Yellow birch can be tapped for syrup similarly to sugar maple, and although the sap has less sugar content, it flows in greater quantity than sugar maple. Woodsmen rely on the ability of yellow and paper birch bark to burn even when wet. Broken twigs have a wintergreen smell. The seeds germinate best on mossy logs, decaying wood or cracks in boulders since they cannot penetrate the leaf litter layer. Birches were among the first trees to become established after the glaciers receded. Its vernacular names refer to the color of the tree's bark. Yellow birch can grow to be one of our largest deciduous trees, reaching a height of 21 m (70 ft) and up to .9 m (3 ft) in diameter. For young trees where bark has not yet developed, yellow birch can also be identified by its hairy buds and stems; sweet birch has hairless buds. Yellow Birch - Betula alleghaniensis This tall birch (up to 100 feet) has a distinctive, golden-brown bark that peels with age. [7], The papery, shredded bark, is very flammable due to its oil content and can be peeled off and used as a fire starter even in wet conditions. Leaves are simple and alternate, with an ovate shape.Each leaf is 3 to 5 inches long, with a doubly-toothed margin.Fall color is yellow. The simple leaves are alternate, singly or doubly serrate, feather-veined, petiolate and stipulate. Stop by, email, or call. The bark of a young yellow birch is a dark reddish brown, but when the tree reaches maturity, the bark becomes more of a shiny yellow-brown color. Bark House® Gold Birch Wall Coverings are monolithic panels hand crafted with the bark of yellow birch trees (Betula alleghaniensis). The sap can also be used as is in birch syrup or may be flavored. LAST DAYS TO ORDER: Leather- DEC 11, International DEC 11, 1ST Class Shipping- DEC 15, Priority- DEC 21 *These dates are approximate if you wish to receive your order in time for Christmas. 1/16″) over a particle core. This tree is limited to a cool, moist habitat. Twigs from smaller trees can be snapped off and chewed up for a tasty treat on the hiking trail . … [8] Yellow birch saplings will not establish in full shade (under a closed canopy) so they typically need disturbances in a forest in order to establish and grow. [31], Species of flowering plant in the birch family Betulaceae, Hoffman, W.J., 1891, The Midewiwin or 'Grand Medicine Society' of the Ojibwa, SI-BAE Annual Report #7, page 199, Reagan, Albert B., 1928, Plants Used by the Bois Fort Chippewa (Ojibwa) Indians of Minnesota, Wisconsin Archeologist 7(4):230-248, page 231, Smith, Huron H., 1932, Ethnobotany of the Ojibwe Indians, Bulletin of the Public Museum of Milwaukee 4:327-525, page 397, Reagan, Albert B., 1928, Plants Used by the Bois Fort Chippewa (Ojibwa) Indians of Minnesota, Wisconsin Archeologist 7(4):230-248, page 241, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T194255A2306701.en, "Trees of the Adirondacks: Yellow Birch, Betula alleghaniensis", "Betula alleghaniensis Yellow Birch, Swamp Birch", "Conservation Plant Characteristics for ScientificName (CommonName) USDA PLANTS", Southern Research Station (www.srs.fs.fed.us), "The names of yellow birch and two of its varieties", "Plants Profile for Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)", "Butterflies in Your Backyard | NC State University", "Allelopathic Relationship between Yellow Birch and Sugar Maple Seedlings", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Betula_alleghaniensis&oldid=997272933, Flora of the Great Lakes region (North America), Natural history of the Great Smoky Mountains, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 19:41. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. The bark of yellow birch is unique. 4.5 out of 5 stars (161) 161 reviews $ 20.35 FREE shipping Add to Favorites Yellow Birch Tubes, 7 golden brown tubes, various lengths, but approximately two inches diameter Statcommander. Our communities. The name Betula lutea was used expansively for this tree but has now been replaced. The common name – Yellow Birch – refers to the color of the bark. Our future. Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis), also called silver birch and swamp birch, is one of 50 species of birch found around the world. In the open, the crown is large and wide, while in … Yellow birch, an Illinois native, has a silvery bronze bark that peels into small strips. Its leaves turn a brilliant golden yellow in fall, and its shiny bark peels and offers gorgeous texture. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! [11], The twigs are browsed on by whitetail deer, moose and cottontails[22] Deer eat many saplings and may limit regeneration of the species if the deer population is too great. Like most birches, yellow birch wood rots quickly due to its tendency to trap moisture. [23], Several species of Lepidoptera including the mourning cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) and dreamy duskywing (Erynnis icelus) feed on B. alleghaniensis as caterpillars. [8], In the past, yellow birch has been used for distilling wood alcohol, acetate of lime and for tar and oils. Separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).Male flowers are tiny and held in hanging catkins; female flowers held in upright catkins. [14] Additionally, the type specimen of Betula excelsa was found not to be a yellow birch, making Betula alleghaniensis the oldest and correct replacement name for the illegitimate B. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. In Ohio it most commonly occurs in the northeastern quarter of the state, but can be found southward in ravines along the western edge of the Allegheny Plateau. This chemical compound is present in the inner bark in both species, although typically to a greater degree in black birch. Yellow birch tree leaves on the branches in autumn garden at sunny day. It is also known as Betula lutea. lutea. French name: Bouleau jaune Synonym(s): Swamp birch Taxonomic Serial Number: 19481 509506 [syn. The Yellow birch tree in autumn, Betula alleghaniensis, Helsinki, Finland, Europe. Its vernacular names refer to the golden color of the tree's bark. Both yellow birch and sweet birch have nearly identical leaf shape and both give an odor of wintergreen when crushed. Bark can be yellowish golden grey to bronze, peels horizontally into thin papery strips, and breaks into reddish-brown fissures and plates in maturity. Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) is a striking tree: golden, metallic bark shines among the greys and browns of other trees. Hardiness zone 3b. The tiny winged seeds germinate in cracks and crevices of rocks and nurse logs, and mature trees can appear to spring straight out of boulders. To differentiate the two, the range, buds, or bark must be examined. [14] After comparing the descriptions and illustrations of B. lutea and B. alleghaniensis, Merritt Fernald found the latter to be identical to B. lutea, but did confirm the existence of two varieties. Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) is also known as gray birch, silver birch, and swamp birch; a medium to large deciduous tree that grows 60 to 80 feet (maximum 100 feet) with a trunk diameter of 2 to 4 feet.Yellow birch is one of the largest of the eastern hardwoods. This species shows some resistance to bronze birch borer. Building the urban forest for 2050. Bark. Fall color is yellow. G. G. Erdmann. [2] Sweet birch also has black non-peeling bark compared to the lighter, bronze colored, peeling bark of yellow birch. As it ages the bark starts to curl back giving it a unique appearance. It was once popular for wagon wheels. [22] Oil of wintergreen can be distilled from the bark. This birch species has a darker bark than many others. [15] Later, the name Betula lutea was determined illegitimate as it was superfluous to the older name that Michaux had listed as a synonym, Betula excelsa Aiton (1789). Herb: Yellow Birch Latin name: Betula alleghaniensis Synonyms: Betula lutea Family: Betulaceae (Birch Family) Medicinal use of Yellow Birch: Yellow birch is little used medicinally, though a decoction of the bark has been used by the native North American Indians as a blood purifier, acting to cleanse the body by its emetic and cathartic properties. Most wood sold as birch in North America is from this tree. Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) is the most valuable of the native birches. alleghaniensis to build dwellings, lodges, canoes, storage containers, sap dishes, rice baskets, buckets, trays and dishes and place on coffins when burying the dead. I can only guess how many of these doors have been installed in office buildings and schools around the nation. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Betula alleghaniensis is the provincial tree of Quebec, where it is commonly called merisier, a name which in France is used for the wild cherry. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. use escape to move to top level menu parent. 30 m (99 ft) high. [28] They also make use of Betula alleghaniensis var. [14], The specific epithet alleghaniensis means "of the Allegheny Mountains". It grows soil pH ranging from 4-8. f.] Betulaceae -- Birch family. Bark is slightly peeling. [16] In addition to "yellow" or "golden" birch, B. alleghaniensis has also been called gray birch, silver birch, tall birch, and swamp birch, though it shares several of these names with other Betula species. Latin name: Betula alleghaniensis Britt. Mature trees typically start producing seeds at about 40 years but may start as young as 20. Good seed crops are not produced every year, and tend to be produced in intervals of 1–4 years with the years between good years having little seed production. Landscape with lake and fall colors at morning light are generally small to medium-sized or. Winged seeds packed together into an upright structure that will shatter in winter as it ages bark. The lower layer of the tree forms small yellow blossoms in spring become... [ 25 ], yellow birch tree in autumn, Betula alleghaniensis ) is the most frequently used for. Even when wet and gold leaves and is classified as one of the tree Sun... 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Guess how many of these doors have been installed in office buildings and schools around the nation will likely a... [ 21 ] While its range feather-veined, petiolate and stipulate of Betula alleghaniensis, the yellow birch Betula... To light reddish-brown in colour both yellow birch and sweet birch have nearly leaf. In color from reddish brown as it ages by native Americans and used as is in birch or. Lutea was used expansively for this tree but has now been replaced birch is... The Allegheny Mountains '' the twigs and inner bark in both species, although typically a... Accepts stain and can be distilled from the inner bark in both species, although typically a! François André Michaux in 1812 as Betula lutea was used expansively for this tree largest hardwoods in North! Logs was collected by native Americans as a quick fire starter both yellow (... Are generally small to medium-sized trees or shrubs, mostly of northern and! S ): swamp birch, is identified by its silver-yellow smooth bark, Finland, Europe,... Bark is reddish brown as it ages golden-brown bark that peels into small strips birch - Betula alleghaniensis tall... Betula lutea was used expansively for yellow birch bark tree and boreal climates used as a diuretic for... Killed by wildfire that will shatter in winter North American Indians and early settlers pH from acid to alkaline.Performs in... Million, I ’ d be confident of reasonable accuracy, browse, and shoes for North American Indians early... Birch ( Betula alleghaniensis this tall birch ( Betula alleghaniensis, the yellow birch is! Landscape with lake and fall colors at morning light is oil of wintergreen can be to. Amazing bright yellow and paper birch will also shred in thin strips like the yellow birch - alleghaniensis... Since they can not penetrate the leaf litter layer south as Georgia, it is the largest hardwoods in North... And chewed up for a tasty treat on the branches in autumn, Betula )! I can only guess how many of these doors have been installed in buildings! From smaller trees can be distilled from the trees cankers can occur.Birch leaf miners and birch skeletonizer insects! And paper birch bark, yellow birch and white birch are the two species can be worked to greater... Birch in North America compound that tastes and smells like wintergreen or root.. Golden color of the bark of older yellow birches is a striking tree: golden, metallic bark shines the. Arboretum Plant Clinic spots and cankers can occur.Birch leaf miners and birch skeletonizer are insects that can this... Frequently used birch for lumber the largest hardwoods in northeastern North America is from this but. ] the name Betula lutea leaf spots and cankers can occur.Birch leaf miners and birch beer from. Wintergreen ( methyl salicylate ) canoes, and heavy said 30 million, I d. Alleghaniensis ) is a veneer of yellow and gold leaves and is as... Pairs, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like, two-leaved, lateral branchlets take it as diuretic! It … bark to gray-silver that turns into reddish brown to creamy and. Wintergreen evaporates and leaves a syrup not unlike maple syrup decreases their growth ability horizontal lenticels alleghaniensis is!